41 Pedro Antonio de Alarcón St. | Granada (Spain)
Telf: 958 520 496
Monday to Friday - 16 to 20:30h.
General concepts of dentistry
conceptos basicos sobre odontologia
TREATMENT
According to the American Health Dictionary: any attempt to solve a health problem, usually preceded by a diagnosis.
DECAY
Decay or demineralization of a tooth.
GINGIVITIS
Gum inflammation (spontaneous bleeding or after brushing).
PERIODONTAL OR PYORRHOEA DISEASE
Loss of the supporting tissues of the teeth (gums and bone).
FILLING
Replacement of lost dental tissue.
ENDODONTICS (EXTRACTION OF DENTAL PULP INCLUDING THE NERVE)
When caries or a periodontal disease has affected a nerve it is necessary to remove it and carry out a root canal treatment.
SCALING & ROOT PLANING (DEEP CLEANING)
Removal of dental plaque from the root of the teeth carried out by a dentist.
DENTAL PROSTHESIS
Mechanical removal of dental plaque from the tooth roots , made ​​by a dentist .
DENTAL PROSTHESIS
Any attachment that is placed in the mouth to partially or totally replace one or all teeth.
FIXED PROSTHESIS
The partial reconstruction of one, several or all teeth using crowns (irrespective of the material), which cannot be removed by the patient.
REMOVABLE PROSTHESIS
A removable prosthesis which replaces one or more teeth and which can be removed by the patient.
DENTURES
A complete prosthesis which replaces all of the teeth and which can be removed whenever the patient desires.
PROSTHESIS OVER IMPLANTS
That prosthesis , usually porcelain or metal / porcelain, which is attached to the implants permanently , so that the patient can not remove autonomously , is removable only by the dentist.
IMPLANT OVERDENTURES
A prosthesis that is normally made of acrylic resin and is attached to fewer implants than it would be if it were a fixed porcelain one. Depending on the attachment of the prosthesis it can be removable by the patient, or, fixed and only removable by a dentist.
VENEER
Reconstruction of part of a tooth using materials which are permanently bonded to the surface of the tooth.
DENTAL POST
A post which is inserted into the root of the tooth to stabilize it or act as an anchor for a crown or large filling.
IMPLANTS
Titanium screws which are implanted in the bone to replace a tooth or to act as an anchor to support a permanent prosthesis or a complete set of dentures.
Mandibular Advancement Device (MAD)
Are valid alternative treatments according to the National Sleep Apnoea Consensus, as long as they are prescribed and monitored by a doctor and carried out by a dentist who has been trained in this field. They only work if the source of the obstruction is the base of the tongue, and this is their main limitation. These devices are also known as Mandibular Advancement Prosthesis (MAP).
OCCLUSAL SPLINTS, BITE SPLINTS , NIGHT GUARDS
A plastic dental appliance which is placed on one of the arches of teeth to stop them coming into contact with each other, to bring the jaw to a suitable position when biting down, to “forget” the inadequate and incorrect position of the teeth when they are clenched or to prevent wear of the teeth (bruxism) as the plastic is softer and more easily worn out.
SLEEP BRUXISM
Patients who suffer from sleep bruxism are generally unaware of the problem that occurs whilst sleeping. They are informed of the problem by their bedfellows or room-mates who are alarmed by the noise made by their teeth. Or by the dentist who observes the destruction of the enamel and dentine. It usually consists of grinding that is ruled by the CNS.
AWAKE BRUXISM
A movement disorder characterized by clenching and occasionally grinding during wakefulness, closely related to stress.
ORAL CANCER
The oral mucosa (gums, soft and hard palate, cheeks and lips) are sometimes the target of cancerous or pre-cancerous lesions.
Risk factors such as tobacco, solar radiation, badly fitted dentures, personal/family history of cancer, or bad diet directly affect the occurrence of these lesions.
At other times it is a manifestation (metastasis) of cancer in another location of the body that via the bloodstream has colonized/invaded the oral cavity.
They are usually asymptomatic and are discovered by chance by the dentist or the patient.
Therefore it is very important to carry out self-examinations of the oral mucosa at regular intervals and to visit once a year our dentist for further exploration, especially if we are in one or more of the risk factors mentioned above.
Dental Clinic Joaquín Mª Ferrer Gallegos - 41 Pedro Antonio de Alarcón St. , Postal Code 18004 - Granada - Tel: 958 520 496 - Monday to Friday, 16:00 - 20:30
Monday to Friday - 16 to 20:30h.
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